Thursday, April 13, 2017

Earth Day at the Parkway

Don't miss our biggest volunteer event of the year! Shepherd Parkway is one of 30 sites participating in the Anacostia Watershed Society's

2017 Earth Day Clean-Up & Celebration
Saturday, April 22
9 am to 12 noon

For the first time, we'll be focusing on the wide-open southern section of Shepherd Parkway, along 2nd Street SW in the community of Bellevue.
~Meet in the picnic area at the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE
~Wear boots and clothes you won't mind getting dirty.  
~The first 100 volunteers will receive an Anacostia Watershed Society Earth Day t-shirt
~For more information contact Nathan Harrington at

Shepherd Parkway is featured in the April Issue of the Hill Rag!

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

Why are there so many tires in the woods, and why should we care?

You've seen them: tires scattered incongruently in the woods amidst beech trees and ferns. In many parts of the United States, old tires are the most illegally dumped item. The photo at right was taken in Shepherd Parkway below 2nd Street SE in 2011, before our awesome volunteers removed all the tires. 

Of all the things people might want to get rid of, why are there so many tires in our public land park lands? 

Most tire sellers charge customers a disposal fee of a few dollars. The seller then contracts with hauler to pick up the tires. The hauler then has several options: they can pay to dispose of the tires at a landfill, which usually costs at least a dollar per tire, or transfer them to a recycler. Tires can be ground up used for as a porous paving surance for parking lots and playgrounds, or can be turned into fuel. The recycler may be located some distance away and might also charge a fee. 

If the hauler is unscrupulous or pressed for cash, they may risk a cheaper option: rolling the tires down a hill into the woods, usually on public land. It takes only minutes and is difficult to prosecute unless someone catches them in the act. Illegal dumping is rarely an enforcement priority for police- especially in low-income areas- state and local land managers and environmental crimes units are invariable under-staffed and spread out over a huge area.   

In many states, including Maryland (80 cents) and Virginia (5 cents) also require tire sellers to collect a state fee, with revenue going to offset landfill and recycling. 

None of the options for disposing of tires is ideal.  Tire are not biodegradable and are hard to compact, so they take up a lot of space in landfills. Recycling is also a bit of a trade-off: over a period of many years, sun, water, soil and ice cause them to slowly break down. As this happens, toxic oils and heavy metals such as lead are released into the soil, where they remain for centuries, slowly leaching into the groundwater and local streams and rivers. Recycling facilities can be very loud and smelly. 

When tires are scattered willy nilly in the woods, they contaminate the view as well as the soil and water. They are an eyesore and an insult to the great American idea of setting aside land for preservation of the natural landscape and ecosystems for future generations.   

The most serious threat posed by those tires laying around outside is one you won't notice until you try to pick one up. Anyone who's helped us remove tires from Shepherd Parkway knows that rain water accumulates inside the tires is very difficult to set out. The water is stagnant, and often warm- a perfect breeding ground for mosquitos. 

Given the coming of mosquito season and recent reports of Zika botched tests, the urgency of cleaning up these tires in our communities takes of greater urgency.  

Stay tuned as I do additional research into tire disposal in the DC area. 

Friday, November 25, 2016

Five Years and Still Rolling

As the darkness and cold around us grows, both climatically and politically, the Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway gives thanks for all we have been able to accomplish together over the past five years.

We have held nearly 100 clean-up events with over 1,500 volunteers.  We've removed  hundreds of thousands of pounds of trash from the park, leaving it the cleanest it's been in decades.

In 20017, we will continue to hold our signature Community Clean-Ups every second Saturday of the month. In the new year we are moving the start time up half an hour to 10:30 am, but the end time remains 1 pm.

We will continue to meet in the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE.

Mark your calendar for 10:30 to 1 on:

Saturday, January 14
Saturday, February 11
Saturday, March 11
Saturday, April 8
Saturday, May 13
Saturday, June 10
Saturday, July 8
Saturday, August 12
Saturday, September 9
Saturday, October 14
Saturday, November 11
Saturday, December 9

We continue our open invitation to colleges, schools, churches, offices and other groups who wish to leave their mark on Shepherd Parkway. You pick the date and time. Contact Nathan at to arrange your groups volunteer experience.


Sunday, November 13, 2016

The forest still needs us, and we still need the forest

By Nathan Harrington

Like most Washingtonians, I am still reeling from the news that an openly racist, nativist misogynistic and Islamophobic con-man - a vacuous demagogue and crass narcissist - will be our next President. 

Cherished illusions about what kind a country we are, how far we've come, and who we entrust with power have been painfully stripped away. The possibility that a sage, cool-headed black president might be followed by a feisty woman president was enough to provoke a fierce reactionary backlash.  

More people voted for Clinton, but thanks to the arcane - and insane - Electoral College, we have our second undemocratically elected president in 16 years. 

The electoral outcome is an unmitigated disaster for "the environment" - that is, the prospects for the planet remaining habitable. While future administrations will ultimately reverse the policy outrages of the next four years, the science of climate change is not negotiable or reversible. If the President-Elect follows through on his pledges of withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accords, extract and burn more coal, oil and gas, and roll-back Obama's emissions and fuel economy standards - and if Congress goes along - the survival of our children may come to depend on the pipe-dreams of Elon Musk.      

Let's hope that this dark moment in our history will break through our complacency. As the great historian Howard Zinn said "If you want change, it matters less who is sitting in the White House than who is sitting in, and who is marching outside the White House, pushing for change.”

All of our work for human rights, social and economic justice, peace, and a sustainable world must continue, but with a new consciousness of what's a stake. 

Restoring and protecting Shepherd Parkway as a life-giving resource for the under-served Ward 8 community is one very small contribution to a better world.  The forest still needs us. 

In times like these, we all need the healing power of nature. We still need the forest.  

Monday, October 17, 2016

New Superintendent Named for National Capital Parks-East

BIG NEWS, Courtesy of the Anacostia Trust:
"Tara Morrison will take over as Superintendent of National Capital Parks–East on December 7. She will be responsible for Anacostia Park, historic homes (Frederick Douglass, Mary McLeod Bethune and Carter G. Woodson), the Fort Circle parks, and several other parks in DC and Maryland.
According to the release announcing her appointment, New Superintendent Named for Anacostia Park, Historic Homes and Capitol Hill Parks, Morrison will be joined by two new staff focused on Anacostia Park, a Project Executive for the Anacostia and a Senior Project Manager. The former will move forward Anacostia Park projects, partnerships, and initiatives. The latter will focus on cleaning five contaminated sites along the Anacostia River and will work closely with DC's Department of Energy and the Environment.
Superintendent Morrison brings to National Capital Parks East a reputation of working effectively with park partners noted Anacostia Waterfront Trust Executive Director Doug Siglin. “We look forward to working closely with her for many years to make the Anacostia Park truly a special place for all DC, but particularly for people who live east of the Anacostia River.”
Morrison joined the National Park Service in 1998. She is not new to DC. Since 2011, Morrison has been Superintendent of Rock Creek Park. Throughout her NPS career, Morrison has engaged with community in a variety of ways.  She has, for example, worked closely with the public during the creation of the African Burial Ground Visitor Center's first general management plan to ensure that the community was actively engaged in the process.
Morrison attended Northeastern University and received a B.S. in African American studies. She pursued graduate studies in anthropology at the University of South Carolina.
Morrison is taking the place of Gopaul Noojibail; Noojibail has moved to Wyoming to serve as Deputy Superintendent at Grand Teton National Park."

Saturday, October 8, 2016

October at Shepherd Parkway

Dear Friends,

Please join our next community Clean-Up on Saturday, October 15 from 11 am to 1 pm. 

We meet at the picnic tables near the corner or Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE.

Gloves, bags, and water are provided. Volunteers should wear boots and clothes you won't mind getting dirty. Bring a water bottle.
October is my favorite month at Shepherd Parkway. The air is fresh; the mosquitoes are gone. It is cool but not cold. The trees are a riot greens, yellows, oranges and reds. 
I know you have many choices and demands on your Saturdays, but consider: these two hours will yield concrete benefits for you and your community:
  • Each and every person who attends makes a measurable difference. Every can, bottle, and bag picked-up brings us closer to our goal of healthy, beautiful park.
  • Research demonstrates that physical and mental health benefits of  physical activity in nature.  
If you find the time to join us, you will not regret it.

Peace and Blessings,

Nathan Harrington
Chair, Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Volunteers continue to step up. When will the Park Service?

Despite the often rainy weather, April was a huge volunteer month at the Parkway.

On Friday, April 22, 20 staff from the U.S. Coast Guard's Personnel Service Center cleaned the beautiful but heavily polluted area behind Brother Place SE.

The next day, April 23, nearly 100 volunteers braved a cool rain at Shepherd Parkway as part of the Anacostia Watershed Society's annual Earth Day Clean-Up.  Work sites included the foot of Malcolm X Avenue, 2nd Street, the Lebaum Street.

Over the two days, we removed over 300 bags full of trash, 112 tires, and untold thousands of pounds of car parts, carpets, furniture, and other large items.

Areas of the park where you could not see the ground when we began are starting to look like healthy forests again. New dumping continues to occur but is less frequent than in the past, and we strive to undo it as quickly as possible.

Unfortunately, our heroic volunteer efforts have yet to be matched by any serious action on the part of the parks "managers" at National Capital Parks-East. After five years of clean-ups and nearly two years of meetings, Shepherd Parkway still has

-No signage
-No public programming
-No trail access
-No anti-dumping enforcement
-No historical interpretation, save for one sign
-No serious plan for its future

NPS sites in the whiter, more affluent parts of DC have all of these. The neglect of Shepherd Parkway is a classic case of environmental racism, and it must end.

Please sign the Shepherd Parkway Call to Action to let NPS leaders know that Ward 8 deserves better.

Our next Community Clean-Up will be on Saturday, May 14 from 11 to 1. Meet at the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE.

While supplies last, all volunteers will receive a bright yellow Anacostia Watershed Society Earth Day t-shirt.

Monday, March 28, 2016

An Interview with Jim Foster, President of the Anacostia Watershed Society

Nathan: What makes the Anacostia River unique?

Jim: It’s the river that flows through the nation’s capital. It is certainly an urban river and has been the recipient of much abuse, like other rivers. What really sets it apart is the federal government’s influence and impact on this river compared to other rivers in the county. That’s really unique.

Nathan: Of all the work you’ve done to restore the river and the watershed, what accomplishment are you most proud of?

Jim: I think we’re most proud of raising the awareness of this river after generations of telling people, “Don’t go there, that river’s dirty.” We’ve worked really hard to reconnect people to the river and weave the river back into the fabric of the communities. Is it done? Heck no. Is it better than it was? Heck yes. Mission accomplished? No.

Nathan: One of the things that I deal with a lot as a Ward 8 resident and leader Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway is illegal dumping. We spent a lot of time removing trash that other people have thrown, but I’ve yet to glean much insight into how we might change people’s mindset or behavior.

Jim: I have a very literal approach to that- no pun intended. The reality is that people take care of the space when they feel connected to it and they feel part of the community. The people who are doing the dumping are coming from somewhere else for the most part.The people that are doing the littering in their communities want their space to be clean, but they disassociate themselves from the particular place where they are littering.  

We are working hard to change some of that behavior: witness the bag fee and the polystyrene container ban in DC. We’ve been working this year on bottle deposit legislation in Maryland. It is really about behavior change: “Hey, I own this place, and I respect it.”

Home ownership is 27 percent east of the river and 75 percent west of the river. How do we change that dynamic so more people are invested in their communities and want to help take of them?

Nathan: I get the impression that Prince George’s County lags behind the District and Montgomery County when it comes to environment laws to benefit the watershed. Is that correct? If so, why do you think that is?

Jim: In many respects they do lag far behind. It was run a fiefdom for many years. There were ten families that kind of ran the place, and it was all about them and development.

Montgomery County has been a little bit more progressive in their approach to the environment, but they’ve also done a lot of damage upfront, so they have a long way to go.

What we are seeing in Prince George’s is a sea change in the leadership. County Executive Baker has really worked hard to change things. Can you do it in eight years after 400 years of abuse? No. But he has been able to bring some progressive leadership in: witness Adam Ortiz, director of the Department of the Environment.  

Monday, March 14, 2016

March Madnesss

Steve Coleman, founder and director of Washington Parks and People once told me, "Backsliding is the kiss of death."

He was talking out illegal dumping and his experience leading the epic restoration of Watts Branch (AKA Marvin Gaye) Park in Ward 7. As important as it is to tackle trash that's been there for many years, he said, it's even more important to make sure that the areas that have already been cleaned stay clean. Undoing new dumping as soon as possible sends a message to the community that times have changed and the dumpers will not win.

With that in mind, the Saturday, March 12 clean-up focused in the vicinity of  249 Newcomb Street SE, where it seems an entire apartment- rugs, furniture, mattresses, clothes, shoes, food- was dumped in December.  

Fifteen Cub Scouts from Pack 1657 at First Baptist Church of Glenarden were there, as were stalwarts Ellen Williams, Jonathan Taylor, Erick Whitaker and John Leach.

We removed an estimated 2,000 pounds (one ton) of man-made crap from the woods.

April is going to be a huge month at Shepherd Parkway. Join us on Saturday, April 2 from 11 am to 2 pm for a special work day with students Georgetown University.  Meet at the grassy area opposite 439 Lebaum Street SE.

The following Saturday, April 9, is our regular Community Clean-Up from 11 to 1 at our usual meeting place at the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE.

On Friday, April 22 U.S. Coast Guard personnel will be working from 8 am to noon at a sight to be

The grant finale will be the Anacostia Watershed Society Earth Day Clean-Up on Saturday, April 23 from 9am to noon, meeting at the corner of 2nd Street and Malcolm X Avenue SE.

For more information on any of these events, contact Nathan at

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Shepherd Parkway needs your help this Spring

Here are three things you can do:
1Sign the Shepherd Parkway Call to Action

We've accomplished a great deal through the labors of our incredible volunteers, but Shepherd Parkway cannot realize its potential as a community asset without major investments by National Capital Parks-East (NACE), and it's up to us to create the political will.

The Call to Action, started in July 2014, lays out our vision for the park and calls on NACE and other decision makers to do their part. Please sign if you have not already. 

2. Donate to our Go Fund Me Campaign

This is a labor of love for a us, but we also need money to sustain and build on our efforts.

Your gift will help us provide small perks like coffee and donuts to our volunteers, tools and equipment to keep them working, and handbills and lawn signs to spread the word.

We are a grassroots, shoestring operation. Making a little bit go a long way is what we do.

Give $5, $10, or whatever you can afford.

The residents, volunteers, plants, animals, and river will thank you. 

3. Attend a Community Clean-Up

There is still far too much trash and invasive species in the park.

Join us from 11 am to 1 pm on 

          Saturday, March 12
          Saturday, April 9
          Saturday, May 14
We meet in the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues SE.

Wear boots, long sleeves, and clothes you don't mind getting dirty.

Gloves, bags, and refreshments will be provided.

Questions? Contact Nathan Harrington 

Monday, February 29, 2016

Battling styrofoam with the law on our side

Since it's invention by Dow Chemical in 1941, extruded polystyene, better known by the brand name Styrofoam, has been a menace to soil and water around the world. 

Although its mass is 98% air, the beads which contain the air are not biodegradable or recyclable and have been designated by the EPA as a possible carcinogen.
Because it is extremely lightweight, foam is easily blown by wind and washed by rain. Styrofoam plates, cups and boxes brake up into tiny pieces as they age, fouling soil and the water and poisoning animals that ingest them. 
Their glossy white color stands out against earth tones. 
As of January 1, 2016, it in unlawful for restaurants, carry outs, food trucks and cafeterias in the District of Columbia to use foam containers. 

Your coffee, curry or fish sandwich should be served in a paper or plastic container. If it does come in styrofoam do your part by submitting a tip to the DC Department of Energy and Environment. 

Unfortunately, use of styrofoam remains legal in the following cases:
  • Food containers (such as egg cartons) packaged outside of the District but sold within
  •  Raw meat, fish, poultry, or seafood sold at markets
  • Foam products purchased at stores for home use
Montgomery County, Maryland has a ban similar to DC's but foam containers are still ubiquitous throughout the rest of Maryland and Virginia. 

Friday, February 19, 2016

Freedom Lays an Egg

Freedom, one of the American Bald Eagles nesting in the southern part of Shepherd Parkway, has just laid an egg.

Check out shots from the Eaglecam courtesy of our friends at Earth Conservation Corps.

Friday, January 29, 2016

Park Service evades questions about mitigation, commits to nothing

We at the Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway knew something was wrong when officials at National Capital Parks-East (NACE), the park's  federal overseer, wouldn't tell us anything about the mitigation funds they would be receiving in compensation for the loss to eight acres of the park to a road  leading to the adjacent U.S. Department of Homeland Security campus.  

It took a Freedom of Information Act request for us to ascertain the amount: $431,000. This is a lot compared to what is spent on Shepherd Parkway in a normal year, but a relative pittance when one considers the millions the land is worth.   

On January 20, members of the Committee meet with Deputy Superintendent Ann Honious and Acting Director of Maintenance Dana Bramble at NACE headquarters in Anacostia Park to discuss the use of these funds. 

We presented them with the same wish list we've been pushing for since we launched the Shepherd Parkway Call to Action in July 2014:
  • The development and execution of a comprehensive signage plan to identify Shepherd Parkway and its boundaries and deter dumping

  • Replacement of the kiosk in the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues
  • A summer youth work crew to assist with trash and invasive species removal and community education

  • A series of free ranger-led programs in the park, including urban wildlife, Civil War history, National Night Out, and concerts
  • Initial research for a possible hiking trail 

To our astonishment, they rebuffed each these ideas and continued to cite lack of funds and bureaucratic obstacles as excuses for inaction.  

In past meetings with the Committee, Superintendent Gopaul Noojibail, Deputy Superintendent Elisa Kunz and Ms. Honious had each in turn expressed conditional support for these projects and promised to at least look into them.   

Those were the good old days. Instead of moving forward, they are now backsliding, saying that they cannot commit to doing anything specific at Shepherd Parkway. 

Ms. Honious stated that a decision had been made -without consulting the Committee- to spend the mitigation funds on improvements to the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues. 

When asked for details on what kinds of improvements were being considered, she became evasive, saying only "Something to make people feel safe." She alluded discussions with of "other stakeholders" but refused to elaborate or explain why the Committee should be kept in the dark.

We do not necessarily object to spending the funds on that area which, unlike the vast wooded areas of park, is heavily used by residents. But we emphasized that the decision-making process must be transparent and include community and Committee input.  We also argued that any effort to enhance the space should include a new kiosk and public programs. The NACE response amounted to "maybe," which almost always means "no." 

We are deeply disappointed that, despite our sustained a large-scale volunteer mobilization to clean-up Shepherd Parkway over the past four years, those whose job it is to protect the park and serve the public seem to have other priorities. 

They show little interest in remedying the gross disparity between Shepherd Parkway and parks in more affluent parts of DC when it comes to accessibility, interpretation, and recreational opportunities. They have recently conducted themselves in a secretive and unaccountable manner all too familiar to Ward 8 residents.

To break the current impasse and advance environmental justice east of the river, we need to educate and organize residents to generate enough political pressure that the Park Service can longer ignore us. 

If you have not already, please sign the Call to Action. Doing so will generate emails to key decision makers. We are reaching out to Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton and member of the DC Council who share our vision of Shepherd Parkway as a special place where residents can learn, exercise, and experience nature. 

We are in this for the long haul. As Fredrick Douglas famously said, power concedes nothing without demand.  

Tuesday, December 29, 2015

2015 Year in Review and GoFundMe Appeal

Dear Friends,

As 2015 draws to a close, the Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway reflects with pride on a year of steady progress.

We held 20 volunteer events, with 422 volunteers logging 815 hours of work. We hosted groups from John Hopkins University, Catholic University, the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Department of Energy, Sandy Spring Friends School, and others.

After four years of sustained effort, we have removed more than 90% of the trash that had built up over decades in the area north of Malcolm X Avenue. When we started, you couldn't see the ground in some places; now, almost no trash is visible from the street.

We hope to remove the last remaining deposits in the north section by the middle of 2016 and then shift our trash removal efforts south to the area between Malcolm X Avenue and South Capitol Street, where we focused during 2013 but still have a ways to go.

On the invasive species front, we made significant headway against the massive infestation of English ivy that threatens hundreds of trees in central part of the park. With the continued help of our volunteers, we aim cut the vines from the remaining trees by the end of 2016.

In an unfortunate but long-expected development, Shepherd Parkway shrank from 205 acres to 197 when eight acres were transferred to the General Services Administration for construction of a roadway and bike path leading to the Homeland Security campus.

We recently learned of the silver lining: the National Park Service has received $431,000 in mitigation funds which will be spent to improve Shepherd Parkway. We are thrilled that the park will finally be receiving the resources it deserves, and are in dialogue with our colleagues at the Park Service on how to make the best strategic use of the funds.

The Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway is a labor of love for us, but we also need money to sustain and build on our efforts.

Please consider making a year end gift to the Committee. 

Your gift will help us provide small perks like coffee and donuts to our volunteers, tools and equipment to keep them working, and handbills and lawn signs to spread the word.

NPS rules prevent them from paying for these things, and we value our independence. We are a grassroots, shoestring operation. Making a little bit go a long way is what we do.

Please click here to give $5, $10, or whatever you can afford through 

The residents, volunteers, plants, animals, and river thank you.

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year,

Nathan Harrington
Chair, Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

High hopes for roadway mitigation

Shepherd Parkway has some interesting neighbors. To the west, the traffic of I-295 and Joint Base Anacostia Bolling. To the eat, the residential streets of Congress Heights and Bellevue. To the south, DC Village and two other parks, Oxon Cove and Oxon Run.

To the north is the former St. Elizabeths Hospital, a federal institution for the mentally ill established in 1855. The West Campus's 176 acres and 61 buildings are a National Historic Landmark. When construction is complete they will house offices for more than 14,000 employees of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). In 2013 the U.S. Coast Guard became the first DHS agency to move in.

To prevent all those commuters from wrecking havoc on Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues, the General Services Administration (GSA) concluded that a new access road going through Shepherd Parkway from I-295 onto the campus was necessary. 

After years of wrangling between the National Park Service (which fought unsuccessfully to to preserve the park land) eight acres of Shepherd Parkway have been transferred to the GSA to make way for the road ans a parallel bike path. For more info, see the April 2015 post "Road and bike path construction to begin soon." Six months later, for reasons unknown, construction has yet to begin. We are not complaining.

Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) "mitigation" must be undertaken to compensate for federal projects that have a significant impact on the environment. In this case, the mitigation involves GSA transferring funds to the Park Service. This is a tremendous opportunity to invest in the remaining 197 acres of Shepherd Parkway the resources they have been denied for too long. 

The process has been opaque, and our inquiries about the status of the funds went unanswered until today. According to National Capital Parks-East (NACE) Deputy Superintendent Ann Honious:

"The NPS did receive mitigation funds for the transfer of Shepherd Parkway acreage to the GSA.  These funds are currently in a reimbursable account and need to be obligated by the end of this fiscal year.  The funds will be used to improve Shepherd Parkway, not another national park, and we are working to develop the specific projects. We are evaluating the use some of the funds to rent large equipment to assist in cleaning up decades old dumping as well as other suggested projects. All proposed project ideas are being prioritized based on the ability to obligate the funds this year.  Obligating funds is contingent upon being able to complete planning, design and required compliance." 

In the category of "other suggested projects," the Committee to Restore Shepherd Parkway advocates:

-The development and execution of a comprehensive signage plan to identify Shepherd Parkway and its boundaries

-A series of free ranger-led programs in the park, including urban wildlife, Civil War history, National Night Out, and concerts

-Summer youth work crews to assist with trash and invasive species removal
-Replacement of the kiosk in the picnic area near the corner of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Avenues

-Initial research for a possible hiking trail

We still don't know the amount of the mitigation funds or how much time and effort NACE will put into the aforementioned planning, design and compliance necessary to move these projects, given limited staffing and demands of managing many other parks. 

The requirement that funds be "obligated" by the end of the current fiscal year (September 30) may present a problem, since the Park Service is notoriously low moving.
Stay tuned for updates on our ongoing discussions with NACE.